Paediatric Neurology Clinic
Our nervous system comprises the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Together, they control how the body works. Neurology is a branch of science that deals with the nervous system disorders. Any fault in the nervous system is called a neurological disorder.
What is Paediatric Neurology?
Also known as Child Neurology, Paediatric Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, management, and treatment of neurological conditions in new-borns, children and adolescents.
Neurological conditions in children can be slightly different to those in adults. The same disease can manifest itself another way in children when compared to adults. For instance, headaches in older children and adults can symptomatically be the same but when it comes to younger children, the diagnosis can be difficult since they cannot express their pain as effectively as older children.
Therefore, Paediatric Neurology does not only deal with severe neurological disability, but also takes into consideration health conditions such as headaches, migraine or seizures.
Who treats neurological disorders in children?
A Paediatric Neurologist or a Child Neurologist diagnoses and treats neurological disorders in children. Problems in the nervous system can lead to headaches, seizures and even developmental delays in children. Therefore, it is important paediatric neurological disorders are assessed as early as possible.
A Child Neurologist can treat neonates, children, and adolescents. Their specialisation revolves around the care of children and can meet your child’s unique needs.
Paediatric Neurological disorders
Child Neurologists not only specialise in diagnosis and treatment of severe neurological disorders but also focus on health conditions such as headaches, migraine or seizures.
Here are some common child neurological disorders that are treated by Paediatric Neurologists:
- Headaches, migraines, or concussions
- Head injuries
- Seizures and epilepsy
- Muscular weakness: nerve-muscle disorders, muscular disorders, or cerebral palsy
- ADHD, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Tourette syndrome
- Mood disorders: irritability, anxiety, depression, or bipolar disorder
- Sleep disorders
- Any brain injury
- Congenital disorders that impact the nervous system
- Genetic disorders that impact the nervous system
- Autoimmune disorders that impact the nervous system
Common tests that Paediatric Neurologists perform.
Here are some tests that are usually performed by a Child Neurologist:
Blood tests: A blood sample can detect infections or electrolyte changes.
EEG: Checks whether the electrical activity of the brain is normal or not.
MRI: Imaging tests that can detect damage in brain injuries or any developmental anomalies.
Spinal tap: A spinal fluid sample can detect infection or inflammation in the spinal cord or brain.
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